Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services are the two most important and popular All India Services which exist prior to the establishment of the country. The argument of IAS against IPS is also old-fashioned because both services serve as the backbone for the development of the nation. The state administration is responsible for the IAS as well as the IPS. Revenue as well as Law and Order are two of the main components. Development and Security are indispensable for the growth of the nation. IAS and IPS are the two pillars of development and security in India. The applicants for both are selected via a common test (Civil Services Exam) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
The IAS and IPS complement each other and do not have a rivalry for power. IAS and IPS both are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also known as Indian Police Service (IPS). IAS as well as IPS are the most crucial functions in the government administration of a district. IAS and IPS complement one another. Both are essential to the development and growth of Indian society. IAS and IPS officers have radically different qualifications, backgrounds authorities for cadre control, salaries, and powers.
Let’s look at the main differences between IAS & IPS.
The evolution of IAS & IPS
Since only a few Indians were able to be able to pass the Civil Services Exam, IAS and IPS were heavily dominated by Europeans prior to Independence. After independence, the services were thrown open for only Indian citizens only , and the eligibility criteria were diluted to the benefit of Indians. Indian Administrative Service is the continuance of Imperial Civil Services (ICS) which was prevalent during the colonial time. Civil Services is related to the collection of income from the agricultural land , hence the name “Collector”. It was one of the first jobs offered by the British company and started the sought-after civil services.
The continued existence of the Imperial Police is also reflected in IPS. However the necessity for Police Bureaucracy was included in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.
The process of recruitment
Each year every year, both IAS and IPS are selected through the UPSC Civil Services Examination. IAS applicants must fill out the DAF of UPSC and Department of Personnel & Training to indicate their preferred service. The chosen candidates are assigned to the service by rank and preference. The majority of candidates select IAS as their primary option as well as IPS as their second.
You can understand the popularity of IAS due to the fact that IAS is the UPSC Civil Services exam has been called IAS. IAS exam. IAS dominated all other public services in the Civil Services Exam, and in real-world situations.
Cadre Controlling Authority
Following the Civil Services exam results, UPSC forwards the recommended list of applicants to the Ministry of Personnel. From there, all information of the candidates are made available to the relevant Cadre Controlling Authorities.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration is the place where newly-selected IAS/IPS officers are placed to take a 3-month common foundation course. The basic course was completed by IAS officers, who were based at the LBSNAA while the other officers went to their specialized training institutes. IPS officer trainees go to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the remaining portion of their education. IAS probationers have their own two-year-long training program, but the IPS officers undergo training for two and one-half years.
The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS Training Topper. In addition, the Prime Minister’s Battaon is presented to the IPS Training Course Topper.
IAS training is focused more on coordination, management and administration of resources as well as human resource. IPS training incorporates physical instruction and various laws necessary for law enforcement. IPS training is more demanding and involves more physical activity. It involves parades, horse riding, armaments training and other important items required for law enforcement.
Responsibilities and powers
In a magisterial structure of administration, DM has the power to order to open fire in order to disarm the mob or other such conditions. The approval of DM is required to transfer certain police officers.
IPS is posted as the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in the district. He is more worried about the rule of law in the city. He needs to get approval from IAS officers for specific warrants.
Both IPS and IAS services are both broad in their job profiles. IAS has more power than an IAS DM however, IAS has fewer. An IPS has only the responsibility of their department, while an IAS (DM) is the responsibility for all departments of the district. As DM the IAS officer is responsible for the police chief and other departments.
According to one protocol, the IPS officer must salute the IAS if he is senior to him. The protocol also stipulates that the IPS officer is required to salute the IAS officer when he is superior to him. Some states have adopted the commissionerate system in their cities. This system gives police officers greater power, but is not as powerful as the IAS.
Scope of duty
An IAS officer can be an DM in any department within the district. An IPS is only able to be employed in its police department and in its traffic department as an SSP. DM is very extensive in its scope of duty and includes all the department in the district. Even during Disaster Management time when the army is in session, DM is the person who manages the district at the district level. The DM is equivalent to majors in the army.
IPS is the second crucial functionary in the district as he needs to ensure the law and order of the city. He is more focused on his departmental duties and also the orders given to him by the DM.
Uniform separates IPS and IAS. There is no special uniform for IAS officers. They just need to wear formal clothing at the official events But IPS are required to wear the uniform they are required to wear. IPS uniforms are changed with their rank. A Ashok symbol is affixed to the shoulders of an IPS officer.
In public spaces the public can recognize IPS officers because of his or her uniform. However, they are it is not an IAS.
The IAS can be made the Cabinet Secretary for the Government of India. It is the highest position within the Indian bureaucratic structure and only an IAS officer is eligible to be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The State Secretary is the top post in the state bureaucratic structure. A IAS officer is the only one who holds the position. Even the position of Union Home Secretary can also be being held by an IAS officer.
IPS could become Director-General of Police of the state. An IPS officer of the Union Government can become the Director of CBI, IB and RAW. In addition, IPS can also be assigned to the post of National Security Adviser.
Since the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations, the income of an IPS officer has increased significantly in India. The salaries of an IPS is ranging from Rs 56,100 per month up to 2,25,000 per month. It is contingent on the level of their level of seniority. Salary of IAS has also become much higher than the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS pay ranges from Rs 56,100 up to 2,50,000 per month. It may also change based the level of your experience. The IAS salary is much higher than IPS.