The garbage problem is large and complex. Good practices are needed by various actors so that recyclable and organic materials can return to the production chain Solid Waste Management.
The National Solid Waste Policy, the legal framework for waste in India, points out that both in the management and management of Solid Waste Management, the following order of priority must be observed: non-generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, and treatment of waste solid waste and environmentally appropriate final disposal of waste.
But after all, what is the difference between solid waste management and management? The basic difference is that waste management is related to institutional arrangements and public policies, while waste management deals with the operational structure and the responsibilities of generators.
Solid waste management covers the strategic part. The decision making of what will be the principles, guidelines and goals.
Solid waste management then refers to the practical and operational aspects. They are the most appropriate solutions considering the conditions of each reality.
The determines that municipalities draw up a Municipal Plan for Integrated Solid Waste Management while establishments that generate waste must establish a Solid Waste Management Plan .
The municipal plan for integrated solid waste management has the following minimum content:
- Situation of solid waste generated
- Favorable areas for environmentally appropriate final disposal of tailing
- Identification of the possibilities of implementing solutions consortium or shared with other Municipalities
- Identification of generators subject to a management plan or reverse logistics system
- Operational procedures for public urban cleaning and waste management services including final disposal
- Operational and environmental performance indicators
- Rules for transportation and other steps
- Definition of responsibilities regarding its implementation and operationalization.
- Technical training programs and actions
- Environmental education programs and actions
- Programs and actions for cooperatives or other forms of association of waste pickers
- Mechanisms for creating sources of business, employment and income, through the valorization of solid waste;
- Cost calculation system
- Targets for reduction, reuse, selective collection and recycling
- Description of the forms and limits of the participation of the local government in selective collection and reverse logistics
- Control and inspection
- Monitoring program;
- Identification of environmental liabilities related to waste
The Solid Waste Management Plan is mandatory for companies that are directly linked to the transport and treatment of waste, as well as companies that generate:
- healthcare waste
- industrial waste
- mining waste
- hazardous waste
- construction waste
- transport service waste
- urban solid waste in greater volume than that considered household
As for the content, the solid waste management plan must contain:
- Description of the enterprise or activity;
- Diagnosis of waste generated;
- responsible for each stage of solid waste management;
- operational procedures related to the stages of solid waste management under the responsibility of the generator;
- identification of solutions consortium or shared with other generators;
- preventive and corrective actions
- goals and procedures related to minimizing waste generation
- Sanitation measures for environmental liabilities related to solid waste.
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One of the principles of PGRS is precisely the shared responsibility for the life cycle of products, so the difference between management and management already seeks to establish the limits between the public and the private. According to this principle, manufacturers, importers, distributors and traders, consumers and the government must together find solutions for the waste that we generate as a society.
The Movement Solid Waste arises with the objective of engaging people, communities and companies to plan and manage their waste, emphasizing non-generation and a major change in the current form of material flow in society. Solid Waste covers more than the elimination of waste through recycling and reuse, it focuses on the restructuring of production and distribution systems to reduce waste.